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The term caliphate

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The term caliphate

Post by Guest on Sat Oct 23, 2010 11:00 pm

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The term caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfa) refers to a governance created in Islam. Being a constitutional republic[citation needed], meaning that the state head represent the people and govern as such and abide to existing laws, constitutional that limit government's power over common folk.

It was firstly led by Prophet Muhammad's companions as a continuation of the political authority the Prophet established, known in Arabic as Khulufaa'u Rashidin or English 'Rashidun Caliphate (Rightly Guided Caliphate)'. It represented the political and theological unity of the Muslim Ummah, and was the world's first major welfare state.[1][2] A "caliphate" is also a state which implements such a government.

Sunni Islam dictates that the head of state, the caliph, should be selected by Shura - elected by Muslims or their representatives.[3] Followers of Shia Islam believe the caliph should be an imam descended in a line from the Ahl al-Bayt. After the Rashidun period until 1924, caliphates, sometimes two at a single time, real and illusory, were ruled by dynasties. The first dynasty was the Umayyad. This was followed by the Abbasid, the Fatimid, and finally the Ottoman Dynasty.

The caliphate was "the core political concept of Sunni Islam, by the consensus of the Muslim majority in the early centuries."[4] It was also an organisational structure that provided a form of government to the people.

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